BRIEF PROFILE OF CENTRAL WATER COMMISSION
The Central Water Commission (CWC) has come a long way since its creation in 1945 in its march towards achievement of the goal of furthering and promoting measures for control, conservation and utilization of water resources throughout the country in the areas of beneficial uses, irrigation and hydro-power generation, flood management and river conservation. As a national apex engineering organisation in the field of water resources development in India, the CWC with its vast experience gained in more than six decades, has developed considerable technological know-how in planning, investigation, management and design of water resources development schemes and made valuable contribution in the country’s remarkable progress in this field, besides sharing the expertise with the developing nations of the world.
The CWC is headed by a Chairman, with the status of Ex-officio Secretary to the Government of India. It has three technical wings, namely Designs and Research Wing, Water Planning and Projects Wing and River Management Wing. Each wing is headed by an engineering officer designated as Member with the Ex-officio status of Additional Secretary to the Government of India.
Thirteen Regional Offices of CWC are functioning at Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Nagpur, Patna, Shillong and Silliguri, each headed by a Chief Engineer. The Regional Offices help in maintaining close interaction with the State Governments and are entrusted with monitoring of selected major, medium, irrigation projects and projects receiving Central assistance, appraisal of medium projects, flood forecasting and hydrological observations. In addition, a National Water Academy located at Pune, headed by a Chief Engineer, conducts training courses for the people associated with the field of water resources which is now being extended to participants even from other countries.
The CWC has contributed substantially to the country’s commendable progress achieved in creation of irrigation potential, flood management measures, flood forecasting and hydro-power generation. The CWC is also responsible for strengthening international cooperation on matters relating to trans-boundary rivers by way of assistance in water resource development projects, hydrological observation and flood forecasting and operation of bilateral treaties and agreements. In the present scenario, with the threat of climate change looming large, CWC is playing a major role in assessment of likely impacts of climate change on country’s water resources and achieving goals identified under National Water Mission, one of the eight missions declared under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) of Government of India.